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Microsoft Windows Millennium Tips and Tricks

This article contains a copy of the information in the Tips.txt file included with Windows Millennium Edition. During Setup, Windows Millennium copies the Tips.txt file to the Windows folder. This document also provides late-breaking information to supplement the Microsoft Windows Millennium Edition documentation.


Faster Application Launching

Windows Me can tune your computer to start your applications faster. To start applications as quickly as possible, convert your hard disk to FAT32, and then run the Maintenance wizard from the System Tools menu. This wizard enables you to schedule regular disk defragmentation options that automatically tune up your application start times.

Aggressive System Maintenance

For even more aggressive maintenance, after running the Maintenance wizard, open Task Scheduler and set your tasks to run every night, with half-hour intervals between the start time of each task (Cleanup, then ScanDisk, then Disk Defragmenter). In ScanDisk, you may want to select the Automatically Fix Errors check box. That way, your computer is ready to go each morning.

Faster Connections to Internet Service Providers

You might be able to reduce the time it takes to connect to your Internet Service Provider (ISP). To do so, carry out the following steps:

  1. In Dial-Up Networking, locate the icon for the connection that you use.
  2. Right-click the icon, and then click Properties.
  3. Click the Networking tab, and then clear the following check boxes: NetBEUI, IPX/SPX Compatible.
  4. Click the Security tab, and then clear the Log On To Network check box.
  5. Verify that you can still connect. Most ISPs don't use these settings, and it can take up to 60 seconds to time out.

Start Menu Order

In Windows Me, you can change the order of items on the Start menu and its submenus by dragging them to a new location. You can also right-click an item, and then see its properties, delete it, or sort the list by name.

Use System Monitor to Monitor Connection and Download Speeds

System Monitor now includes parameters for your dial-up networking connection, including download and upload bytes per second, so you can monitor the data flow speeds.

Configuration Summary

To print a copy of your system configuration summary, carry out the following steps:

  1. Click Start, point to Programs, point to Accessories, point to System Tools, and then click System Information.
  2. On the File menu, click Print.

Sending Objects by Using SendTo

You can drag any shortcut to the SendTo folder. The SendTo folder can contain shortcuts to a printer, a fax, a network drive, or a Windows program. To open the SendTo folder, carry out the following steps:

  1. Click Start, and then click Run.
  2. Type SendTo, and then press ENTER.

Use the right mouse button to drag the item's icon into the SendTo window. The shortcut appears on the SendTo menu. Right-click a document or folder icon, click Send To, and then click a menu item.

For example, you can create a link to Notepad.exe in your SendTo folder. Then, if you right-click a document, you can click Send To, and then click Notepad.

System Tools

  1. Right-click a drive in My Computer, and then click Properties.
  2. Click Disk Cleanup to run the disk cleanup tool for that drive.

To run ScanDisk, Backup, and Disk Defragmenter, click the Tools tab.

Open With

To open an associated file with a different program, carry out the following steps:

  1. Right-click the file you want to open.
  2. Point to Open With, point to Choose Program, and then click the program you want to use.

If you don't want all files of this type to be associated with this program, clear the Always Use This Program To Open These Files check box.


In Windows Me, you can use the hotkeys assigned to shortcuts in the Start menu or its subfolders to start programs any time.

Screen Resolution

To quickly change screen resolution for different programs, carry out the following steps:

  1. Right-click anywhere on the Desktop, and then click Properties.
  2. Click the Settings tab.
  3. Under Screen Area, move the slider to the desired resolution.

If you change screen resolution often, you can display the Settings tab quickly by carrying out the following steps:

  1. On the Settings tab, click the Advanced button.
  2. On the General tab, click the Show Settings Icon On Task Bar check box.

You can then double-click the icon on the taskbar to quickly display the Settings tab.

File Names and Extensions

The following are valid file names for Windows Me programs:

To view the MS-DOS name associated with a long file name, right-click the file, and then click Properties.

Restarting the Taskbar

If you need to restart the taskbar (for example, after you've changed a registry entry), press CTRL+ALT+DEL, click Explorer,and then click End Task. The taskbar is removed and then restarts.

Making a Startup Disk

To create a complete startup disk, carry out the following steps:

  1. Click Start, point to Settings, and then click Control Panel.
  2. Open Add/Remove Programs, and then click the Startup Disk tab.
  3. Click Create Disk.

Undoing a File Move or File Rename

If you forget where you just moved a file in Windows Explorer or you accidentally renamed a file, on the Edit menu, click Undo or press CTRL+Z.

Display Properties

To change the Desktop background, screen saver, appearance, or Web or video settings, right-click anywhere on the Desktop, and then click Properties. To change your primary display font, click the Appearance tab.

Taskbar Clock

Easy Access To Computer Properties

To view your computer (system) properties, right-click My Computer, and then click Properties. If you have a Windows button on your keyboard, press WINDOWS+BREAK.

To view Network properties, right-click My Network Places, and then click Properties.

Using the Keyboard Instead of a Mouse

To move the cursor by using the keyboard instead of the mouse, make sure Accessibility Options are installed, and then turn on MouseKeys.


Directory Shortcuts

Related directories have the following shortcuts:

. = current directory
.. = parent directory
... = parent directory once removed
.... = parent directory twice removed

For example, if you are in the C:\Windows\System\Viewers directory, and you enter cd... at the command prompt, the directory changes to C:\Windows.

Visual Display of Directory from the Command Prompt

If you are at a command prompt and want a visual display of a directory (folder), type "start ." to view the current folder, or "start .." to view the root folder.

Drag File Names to the Command Prompt

You can drag file and folder icons from the Desktop or a folder to a command prompt instead of typing the file or folder name. The file or folder name is then placed in the keyboard buffer of the running MS-DOS-based program.

Copy and Paste Information from and to the Command Prompt

Activate the toolbar in the MS-DOS-based program window to gain point-and-click access to copy, cut, and paste operations from a Windows-based program to an MS-DOS-based program. For example, you can copy a folder shortcut on the screen, and then paste it into a mail message.

Start Windows-Based Programs from the Command Prompt

You can start Windows-based programs from a command prompt by typing the name of the program you want to run, including parameters. For example, to start Notepad, type "notepad" at the command prompt, and then press ENTER. You can also start Windows-based programs from batch files.

You can use the Start command at a command prompt to start a program or open a document. For example, you can type "C:>start calc.exe."


To set the properties for an MS-DOS window, open the PIF folder and edit Command.pif, or find and edit the properties there.

Easy Disk Copy from the Desktop

On your Desktop, double-click My Computer, right-click the floppy disk drive icon, and then click Copy - or -

You can create a shortcut on the Desktop to use for copying floppy disks. Right-click the Desktop, point to New, and then click Shortcut. In the Create Shortcut dialog box, type:

diskcopy A:  A:

to copy a disk (substitute B to use the B drive).

Windows Explorer Switches

Windows Explorer switches are useful in creating rooted folders:

Explorer  [/e,]  [/root,<object>,]  [[<folder>]|  [/select,<sub object>]]


Use Explorer view (scope and results pane view). The default is open view (results in pane view only).


Specify the object in the "normal" name space that is used as the root (top level) for Windows Explorer. The default is the Desktop folder.


The parent folder opens and the specified object is selected.

<sub object>

The folder or file that Windows Explorer opens. If the /select switch is used, the sub object is highlighted. If the /select switch is not used, the folder or file opens in Explorer. The default is the root<object>.


Explorer  /e,  /root,  \\Reports

Opens an Explorer window at  \\Reports.

Explorer  /select,  C:\Windows\Calc.exe

Opens a folder at C:\Windows (or activates one that is currently open), and selects Calc.exe.

Explorer  /e,  /root, \Source\Internal\Design\Users\David\Archive

Opens a folder to the Archive folder. This is a good way to create a dedicated, remote, documents archive folder. A link to the \\Source\Internal\Design\Users\David\Archive folders can then be placed in the SendTo folder for quick routing of documents.


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