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File System - Definition

A File System, in regards to an operating system, is the overall structure in which files are named, stored, and organized. FAT, FAT16, FAT32 and NTFS are types of file systems. File systems may use a data storage device such as a hard disk or CD-ROM and involve maintaining the physical location of the files. The DOS, Windows, OS/2, Macintosh, and UNIX based operating systems all have file systems in which files are placed somewhere in a hierarchical (tree) structure. A file is placed in a directory, also called a folder in Microsoft Windows, or in a subdirectory at the desired place in the tree structure.


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